Key Research Interests and Expertise

Much of the work undertaken in the Carding research group based at IFR focuses on understanding the mechanisms of intestinal microbial tolerance and the role that microbe-host cross talk plays in establishing and maintaining gut health and in gut disease. Current research interests are, defining the link between the mucosal immune system, dendritic cells (DC) and lipid metabolism using a novel experimental model of obesity, the role autophagy plays in intestinal epithelial cell homeostasis, barrier function and mucosal immune responses to commensal and pathogenic microbes, the nature of mucosal immune cell (iIEL)-microbiota interactions in establishing and maintaining a healthy intestinal microbiome while mounting immediate response to food-borne pathogens, regulation of epithelial tight junctions and the maintenance of intestinal barrier function, interkingdom macromolecule exchange in microbe-host crosstalk and the establishment of mutualism in the GI-tract, development of novel strategies to treat and prevent chronic intestinal inflammation and IBD using SMART bacteria and novel foods, immune tolerance and implant rejection and, immunosenescence and diet.

Research Keywords  

Gut biology and gastroenterology

Intestinal epithelial cells

Intestinal microbiology

Mucosal immunology

Postgraduate Research Student Supervision

Gut biology

Gut microbiology

Mucosal innate immunity

Inflammatory bowel disease

Plant and microbe based therapies for gut disease  

Highlighted Publications       

  • Baumgart, DB and SR. Carding. 2007. Inflammatory bowel disease: Aetiology and Immunopathogenesis. The Lancet. 369:1627-1638 ·       
  • Cruickshank, SM, ML. Deschoolmeester, M. Svensson, A. Bazakou, G. Howell, L. Logunova, MC. Little, N. English, RK. Grencis, KJ. Else and SR. Carding. 2009. Rapid dendritic cell mobilization to the large intestinal epithelium is associated with resistance to Trichuris muris infection. J. Immunol. 182:3055-3062 ·       
  • Hamady, ZR, MD. Farrar, TR. Whitehead, KT. Holland, JPA. Lodge and SR. Carding. 2010. Xylan regulated delivery of human keratinocyte growth factor-2 to the inflamed colon by the human anaerobic commensal bacterium Bacteroides ovatus. Gut. 59:461-469 ·       
  • Mizushima, N, TS Stappenbeck, JD Rioux, A Mizoguchi, T Saitoh, A Huett, A Darfeuille Michaud, SR Carding, T Wileman, S Akira, M Parkes, RJ Xavier. 2010 Crohns disease: A current perspective on genetics, autophagy and immunity. Autophagy. 7:355-374 ·       
  • Hamady Z. R., Scott N., Farrar M. D., Dilger P. G., Thorpe R., Lodge J. P. A., Holland K. T., Whitehead T., Carding S. R. (2011). Treatment of colitis with a commensal gut bacterium engineered to secrete human TGF-#f0621 under the control of dietary xylan. Inflammatory Bowel Disease 17 (9) 1925-1935 ·       
  • Weight C. M., Carding S. R. (2012). The protozoan pathogen Toxoplasma gondii targets the paracellular pathway to invade the intestinal epithelium. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 1258 (1) 135-142
  • Pin C., Watson A., Carding S. (2012). Modelling the spatio-temporal cell dynamics reveals novel insights on cell differentiation and proliferation in the small intestinal crypt. PLoS ONE 7 (5) e37115. ·        Wegmann, U, N. Horn, SR. Carding 2013. Defining the Bacteriodes ribosomal binding site. Appl. Env. Microbiol. 79:1980-89  

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