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Villagization and access to water resources in the Middle Awash Valley of Ethiopia: Implications for climate change adaptation

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Villagization and access to water resources in the Middle Awash Valley of Ethiopia: Implications for climate change adaptation. / Adnew Degefu, Mekonnen; Assen, Mohammed; Satyal, Poshendra; Budds, Jessica.

In: Climate and Development, Vol. 12, No. 10, 12.2020, p. 899-910.

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@article{c3d159c0461742d7960f272e44ca82eb,
title = "Villagization and access to water resources in the Middle Awash Valley of Ethiopia: Implications for climate change adaptation",
abstract = "Since the 1970s, the Government of Ethiopia has implemented villagization, whereby nomadic pastoralist groups are supported to develop (more) sedentary lifestyles and livelihoods. Villagization has been officially promoted to encourage diversification from livestock herding to agricultural cultivation, and to fulfil basic needs through infrastructure and services. From the late 2000s, villagization was reintroduced for arid and semi-arid regions as a strategy for adaptation to climate change, as part of the country's green growth agenda. The aim of this paper is to evaluate to what extent this phase of villagization has contributed to adaptation strategies among pastoral and agro-pastoral communities, based on an empirical analysis of four villagised sites in the Middle Awash Valley using qualitative data collected between 2014 and 2018. Perceptions and experiences of villagization varied across individuals, households, villages, and districts. While villagization has generally delivered infrastructure and services, and offered income diversification to those able to access irrigated agriculture, its implementation has been partial and uneven, and it has reproduced previous problems of resource scarcity while creating new risks and vulnerabilities. We argue that villagization may play a role in some aspects of adaptation, if programmes address the drivers of livelihood change, and embed equity and rights.",
keywords = "arid and semi-arid areas, drought, Ethiopia, livelihoods, nomadic pastoralism and agro-pastoralism, Resettlement, sub-Saharan Africa, water resources, water scarcity",
author = "{Adnew Degefu}, Mekonnen and Mohammed Assen and Poshendra Satyal and Jessica Budds",
year = "2020",
month = dec,
doi = "10.1080/17565529.2019.1701973",
language = "English",
volume = "12",
pages = "899--910",
journal = "Climate and Development",
issn = "1756-5529",
publisher = "Taylor and Francis Ltd.",
number = "10",

}

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TY - JOUR

T1 - Villagization and access to water resources in the Middle Awash Valley of Ethiopia: Implications for climate change adaptation

AU - Adnew Degefu, Mekonnen

AU - Assen, Mohammed

AU - Satyal, Poshendra

AU - Budds, Jessica

PY - 2020/12

Y1 - 2020/12

N2 - Since the 1970s, the Government of Ethiopia has implemented villagization, whereby nomadic pastoralist groups are supported to develop (more) sedentary lifestyles and livelihoods. Villagization has been officially promoted to encourage diversification from livestock herding to agricultural cultivation, and to fulfil basic needs through infrastructure and services. From the late 2000s, villagization was reintroduced for arid and semi-arid regions as a strategy for adaptation to climate change, as part of the country's green growth agenda. The aim of this paper is to evaluate to what extent this phase of villagization has contributed to adaptation strategies among pastoral and agro-pastoral communities, based on an empirical analysis of four villagised sites in the Middle Awash Valley using qualitative data collected between 2014 and 2018. Perceptions and experiences of villagization varied across individuals, households, villages, and districts. While villagization has generally delivered infrastructure and services, and offered income diversification to those able to access irrigated agriculture, its implementation has been partial and uneven, and it has reproduced previous problems of resource scarcity while creating new risks and vulnerabilities. We argue that villagization may play a role in some aspects of adaptation, if programmes address the drivers of livelihood change, and embed equity and rights.

AB - Since the 1970s, the Government of Ethiopia has implemented villagization, whereby nomadic pastoralist groups are supported to develop (more) sedentary lifestyles and livelihoods. Villagization has been officially promoted to encourage diversification from livestock herding to agricultural cultivation, and to fulfil basic needs through infrastructure and services. From the late 2000s, villagization was reintroduced for arid and semi-arid regions as a strategy for adaptation to climate change, as part of the country's green growth agenda. The aim of this paper is to evaluate to what extent this phase of villagization has contributed to adaptation strategies among pastoral and agro-pastoral communities, based on an empirical analysis of four villagised sites in the Middle Awash Valley using qualitative data collected between 2014 and 2018. Perceptions and experiences of villagization varied across individuals, households, villages, and districts. While villagization has generally delivered infrastructure and services, and offered income diversification to those able to access irrigated agriculture, its implementation has been partial and uneven, and it has reproduced previous problems of resource scarcity while creating new risks and vulnerabilities. We argue that villagization may play a role in some aspects of adaptation, if programmes address the drivers of livelihood change, and embed equity and rights.

KW - arid and semi-arid areas

KW - drought

KW - Ethiopia

KW - livelihoods

KW - nomadic pastoralism and agro-pastoralism

KW - Resettlement

KW - sub-Saharan Africa

KW - water resources

KW - water scarcity

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85076915867&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1080/17565529.2019.1701973

DO - 10.1080/17565529.2019.1701973

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85076915867

VL - 12

SP - 899

EP - 910

JO - Climate and Development

JF - Climate and Development

SN - 1756-5529

IS - 10

ER -

ID: 173331041