Transnational Anarchism, Japanese Revolutionary Connections, and the Personal Politics of Exile

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Open Access permissions





Organisational units


In the autumn of 1913, Japanese radical journalist Ishikawa Sanshirō (1876-1956) fled Japan for Europe on a self-imposed exile that would last more than seven years. While there, he mingled with English social philosopher Edward Carpenter (1844-1929) and his circle of friends, and resided for several years with the family of French anarchist Paul Reclus (1858-1941), nephew and professional heir of famed nineteenth-century geographer Elisée Reclus (1830-1905). Ishikawa’s travels contributed to the development of an intricate web of non-state, non-institutional links, fuelling an exchange of knowledge that spanned four decades. His personal trajectory highlights the significance of individual-based activism to the early twentieth-century global spread of anarchism. The experience of exile is also a valuable opportunity to explore how chance encounters, emotional ties and subjective politics shape ideas of social change in tension with ideological consistency.


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)719-741
JournalHistorical Journal
Issue number3
Early online date2 Oct 2017
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2018

Downloads statistics

No data available

View graph of relations

ID: 121706489

Related by author
  1. Kotan Chronicles: Selected Poems 1928-1943

    Research output: Book/ReportBook

  2. Contesting Imperial Geography: Reading Elisée Reclus in 1930s' Hokkaido

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (peer-reviewed)

Related by journal
  1. Protestantism in a Multi-cultural Early America

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  2. Reforming the reformation or puritanism in revolution?

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  3. The Pursuit of Reality: Recent research into the reality of witchcraft

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle