The influence of surface tension upon trapped waves and hydraulic falls

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We consider steady two-dimensional free-surface flows past submerged obstructions on the bottom of a channel. The flow is assumed to be irrotational, and the fluid inviscid and incompressible. Both the effects of gravity and surface tension are considered. Critical flow solutions with subcritical flow upstream and supercritical flow downstream are sought using fully nonlinear boundary integral equation techniques based on the Cauchy integral formula. When a second submerged obstruction is included further upstream in the flow configuration in the absence of surface tension, solutions which have a train of waves trapped between the two obstacles before the critical flow have already been found (Dias and Vanden-Broeck 2004). We extend this work by including the effects of surface tension. Trapped wave solutions are found upstream for small values of the Bond number, for some values of the Froude number. Other types of trapped waves are found for stronger tension when the second obstruction is placed downstream of the hydraulic fall generated by the first obstacle.


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)191-201
JournalEuropean Journal of Mechanics - B/Fluids
Early online date23 Sep 2013
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2014


    Research areas

  • Gravity-capillary waves, Hydraulic falls, Free surfaces, Water waves

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