HomePublications

Student engagement and performance: A weekly diary study on the role of openness

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Authors

Organisational units

Abstract

In the present study, we used a quantitative diary design to investigate within-person fluctuations in student engagement and performance. Specifically, we analyzed the impact of weekly personal and study resources on weekly student engagement, active learning behaviors, and performance. In addition, we investigated whether students high (vs. low) in trait Openness reacted differently to their weekly resources. The sample was composed of 45 first-year psychology students who filled in a questionnaire over 3 weeks; twice per week (N = 45 9 6 = 270 occasions)—during the days they had tutorial group meetings. The tutors evaluated each student’s active learning behaviors during these meetings. Results of hierarchical linear modeling analyses showed that study engagement fully mediated the relationship between personal resources and observed learning activities; study resources were indirectly positively related to learning activities through study engagement. In addition, observed learning activities were positively related to the course grade. As hypothesized, trait Openness strengthened the positive relationship between personal/study resources
and study engagement. Our findings highlight the importance of fostering students’ engagement. We conclude with a discussion of the theoretical implications for education and suggestions for future research.

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)49-62
Number of pages13
JournalMotivation and Emotion
Volume39
Issue number1
Early online date16 Sep 2014
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2015
Peer-reviewedYes

Keywords

    Research areas

  • Diary study, Openness to experience, Personal resources, Student engagement, Study resources

View graph of relations

ID: 47325942

Related by author
  1. Ripple Effects of Surface acting: A Diary Study among Dual-earner Couples

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  2. The temporal perspective on well-being at work: Lessons learned and future trends

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

  3. Leadership and Work–Family Conflict

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter