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Grounding word learning in space

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Grounding word learning in space. / Samuelson, Larissa K; Smith, Linda B; Perry, Lynn K; Spencer, John P.

In: PLoS One, Vol. 6, No. 12, e28095, 14.12.2011.

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Samuelson, Larissa K ; Smith, Linda B ; Perry, Lynn K ; Spencer, John P. / Grounding word learning in space. In: PLoS One. 2011 ; Vol. 6, No. 12.

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@article{b20384fd310e44869f9faf8ea0627bc5,
title = "Grounding word learning in space",
abstract = "Humans and objects, and thus social interactions about objects, exist within space. Words direct listeners' attention to specific regions of space. Thus, a strong correspondence exists between where one looks, one's bodily orientation, and what one sees. This leads to further correspondence with what one remembers. Here, we present data suggesting that children use associations between space and objects and space and words to link words and objects--space binds labels to their referents. We tested this claim in four experiments, showing that the spatial consistency of where objects are presented affects children's word learning. Next, we demonstrate that a process model that grounds word learning in the known neural dynamics of spatial attention, spatial memory, and associative learning can capture the suite of results reported here. This model also predicts that space is special, a prediction supported in a fifth experiment that shows children do not use color as a cue to bind words and objects. In a final experiment, we ask whether spatial consistency affects word learning in naturalistic word learning contexts. Children of parents who spontaneously keep objects in a consistent spatial location during naming interactions learn words more effectively. Together, the model and data show that space is a powerful tool that can effectively ground word learning in social contexts.",
keywords = "Behavior, Female, Humans, Infant, Models (Neurological), Parents, Space Perception, Task Performance and Analysis, Verbal Learning",
author = "Samuelson, {Larissa K} and Smith, {Linda B} and Perry, {Lynn K} and Spencer, {John P}",
year = "2011",
month = dec,
day = "14",
doi = "10.1371/journal.pone.0028095",
language = "English",
volume = "6",
journal = "PLoS One",
issn = "1932-6203",
publisher = "Public Library of Science",
number = "12",

}

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TY - JOUR

T1 - Grounding word learning in space

AU - Samuelson, Larissa K

AU - Smith, Linda B

AU - Perry, Lynn K

AU - Spencer, John P

PY - 2011/12/14

Y1 - 2011/12/14

N2 - Humans and objects, and thus social interactions about objects, exist within space. Words direct listeners' attention to specific regions of space. Thus, a strong correspondence exists between where one looks, one's bodily orientation, and what one sees. This leads to further correspondence with what one remembers. Here, we present data suggesting that children use associations between space and objects and space and words to link words and objects--space binds labels to their referents. We tested this claim in four experiments, showing that the spatial consistency of where objects are presented affects children's word learning. Next, we demonstrate that a process model that grounds word learning in the known neural dynamics of spatial attention, spatial memory, and associative learning can capture the suite of results reported here. This model also predicts that space is special, a prediction supported in a fifth experiment that shows children do not use color as a cue to bind words and objects. In a final experiment, we ask whether spatial consistency affects word learning in naturalistic word learning contexts. Children of parents who spontaneously keep objects in a consistent spatial location during naming interactions learn words more effectively. Together, the model and data show that space is a powerful tool that can effectively ground word learning in social contexts.

AB - Humans and objects, and thus social interactions about objects, exist within space. Words direct listeners' attention to specific regions of space. Thus, a strong correspondence exists between where one looks, one's bodily orientation, and what one sees. This leads to further correspondence with what one remembers. Here, we present data suggesting that children use associations between space and objects and space and words to link words and objects--space binds labels to their referents. We tested this claim in four experiments, showing that the spatial consistency of where objects are presented affects children's word learning. Next, we demonstrate that a process model that grounds word learning in the known neural dynamics of spatial attention, spatial memory, and associative learning can capture the suite of results reported here. This model also predicts that space is special, a prediction supported in a fifth experiment that shows children do not use color as a cue to bind words and objects. In a final experiment, we ask whether spatial consistency affects word learning in naturalistic word learning contexts. Children of parents who spontaneously keep objects in a consistent spatial location during naming interactions learn words more effectively. Together, the model and data show that space is a powerful tool that can effectively ground word learning in social contexts.

KW - Behavior

KW - Female

KW - Humans

KW - Infant

KW - Models (Neurological)

KW - Parents

KW - Space Perception

KW - Task Performance and Analysis

KW - Verbal Learning

U2 - 10.1371/journal.pone.0028095

DO - 10.1371/journal.pone.0028095

M3 - Article

C2 - 22194807

VL - 6

JO - PLoS One

JF - PLoS One

SN - 1932-6203

IS - 12

M1 - e28095

ER -

ID: 64344553