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Generality with specificity: the dynamic field theory generalizes across tasks and time scales

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Generality with specificity: the dynamic field theory generalizes across tasks and time scales. / Simmering, Vanessa R.; Spencer, John P.

In: Developmental Science, Vol. 11, No. 4, 07.2008, p. 541-555.

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@article{98a6f88228bb402a973bf13138e36bf4,
title = "Generality with specificity: the dynamic field theory generalizes across tasks and time scales",
abstract = "A central goal in cognitive and developmental science is to develop models of behavior that can generalize across both tasks and development while maintaining a commitment to detailed behavioral prediction. This paper presents tests of one such model, the Dynamic Field Theory (DFT). The DFT was originally proposed to capture delay-dependent biases in spatial recall and developmental changes in spatial recall performance. More recently, the theory was generalized to adults{\textquoteright} performance in a second spatial working memory task, position discrimination. Here we use the theory to predict a specific, complex developmental pattern in position discrimination. Data with 3- to 6-year-old children and adults confirm these predictions, demonstrating that the DFT achieves generality across tasks and time scales, as well as the specificity necessary to generate novel, falsifiable predictions.",
author = "Simmering, {Vanessa R.} and Spencer, {John P.}",
year = "2008",
month = jul,
doi = "10.1111/j.1467-7687.2008.00700.x",
language = "English",
volume = "11",
pages = "541--555",
journal = "Developmental Science",
issn = "1363-755X",
publisher = "Wiley",
number = "4",

}

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TY - JOUR

T1 - Generality with specificity: the dynamic field theory generalizes across tasks and time scales

AU - Simmering, Vanessa R.

AU - Spencer, John P.

PY - 2008/7

Y1 - 2008/7

N2 - A central goal in cognitive and developmental science is to develop models of behavior that can generalize across both tasks and development while maintaining a commitment to detailed behavioral prediction. This paper presents tests of one such model, the Dynamic Field Theory (DFT). The DFT was originally proposed to capture delay-dependent biases in spatial recall and developmental changes in spatial recall performance. More recently, the theory was generalized to adults’ performance in a second spatial working memory task, position discrimination. Here we use the theory to predict a specific, complex developmental pattern in position discrimination. Data with 3- to 6-year-old children and adults confirm these predictions, demonstrating that the DFT achieves generality across tasks and time scales, as well as the specificity necessary to generate novel, falsifiable predictions.

AB - A central goal in cognitive and developmental science is to develop models of behavior that can generalize across both tasks and development while maintaining a commitment to detailed behavioral prediction. This paper presents tests of one such model, the Dynamic Field Theory (DFT). The DFT was originally proposed to capture delay-dependent biases in spatial recall and developmental changes in spatial recall performance. More recently, the theory was generalized to adults’ performance in a second spatial working memory task, position discrimination. Here we use the theory to predict a specific, complex developmental pattern in position discrimination. Data with 3- to 6-year-old children and adults confirm these predictions, demonstrating that the DFT achieves generality across tasks and time scales, as well as the specificity necessary to generate novel, falsifiable predictions.

U2 - 10.1111/j.1467-7687.2008.00700.x

DO - 10.1111/j.1467-7687.2008.00700.x

M3 - Article

VL - 11

SP - 541

EP - 555

JO - Developmental Science

JF - Developmental Science

SN - 1363-755X

IS - 4

ER -

ID: 64347093