HomePublications

Distinct profiles of information-use characterize identity judgments in children and low-expertise adults

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Open Access permissions

Open

Documents

Links

DOI

Authors

  • Louise Ewing
  • Annette Karmiloff-Smith
  • Emily K. Farran
  • Marie L. Smith

Organisational units

Abstract

Face processing abilities vary across the lifespan: increasing across childhood and adolescence, peaking around 30 years of age, and then declining. Despite extensive investigation, researchers have yet to identify qualitative changes in face processing during development that can account for the observed improvements on laboratory tests. The current study constituted the first detailed characterization of face processing strategies in a large group of typically developing children and adults (N=200) using a novel adaptation of the Bubbles reverse correlation technique (Gosselin & Schyns, 2001). Resultant classification images reveal a compelling age-related shift in strategic information-use during participants’ judgments of face identity. This shift suggests a move from an early reliance upon high spatial frequency details around the mouth, eye-brow and jaw-line in young children (~8yrs) to an increasingly more interlinked approach, focused upon the eye region and the center of the face in older children (~11yrs) and adults. Moreover, we reveal that the early vs. late phases of this developmental trajectory correspond with the profiles of information-use observed in weak vs. strong adult face processors. Together, these results provide intriguing new evidence for an important functional role for strategic information-use in the development of face expertise.

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1937-1943
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance
Volume43
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2017
Peer-reviewedYes

Downloads statistics

No data available

View graph of relations

ID: 109984035

Related by journal
  1. Familiar size effects on reaction time: When congruent is better

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  2. A dynamic neural field model of temporal order judgments

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle