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Cholera and household water treatment why communities do not treat water after a cholera outbreak: a case study in Limpopo Province

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Abstract

Background: Cholera is one of the common diseases in developing countries caused by consumption of contaminated and untreated drinking water. A study was conducted 7 months after a cholera outbreak in Vhembe district, Limpopo, South Africa. The aim of the study was to assess if the communities were still conforming to safe water practices after an outbreak of cholera.

Methodology: One hundred and fifty-two (152) participants from 11 villages were recruited to form 21 focus groups, with a mean of 7. The interview transcripts were coded and arranged based on the study themes.

Results: Of the 21 groups in 11 villages, three villages were using water from boreholes, six were using river water and three were using mixed sources which included river, canal and spring water, three depended on municipal tanks and only six were using tap water. Only 19% of the respondents treated their water, even though the majority of communities reported treatment of water as a priority. Four villages claimed they never received environmental health education at all, while most of the villages confirmed they received education during a cholera outbreak.

Conclusion: Regardless of the outbreak and health education efforts done, communities continued using unprotected water sources without any form of treatment, as they perceived it to be unimportant. Sustainable water supplies and environmental health education should be continued after an outbreak as it is important for public health gains.

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5-8
JournalSouthern African Journal of Infectious Diseases
Volume32
Issue number1
Early online date3 Jun 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017
Peer-reviewedYes

Keywords

    Research areas

  • cholera outbreak, communication, drinking water, health education, household water, safe practices, water treatment

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© 2016 The Author(s). Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons License [CC BY-NC 3.0]

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