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Can agricultural intensification help attain Sustainable Development Goals? Evidence from Africa and Asia

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Abstract

Market-oriented agricultural intensification is a major development strategy, yet its alignment with sustainable development goals (SDGs) is unclear. We apply indicators for SDG 2 (eradicate hunger) regarding income, food production, food security and land tenure to recent intensifications in Rwanda and Laos to reveal their disaggregated impacts. We find while market-oriented intensification may generate poverty reduction, it also exacerbated marginalisation and poverty through various forms of land tenure insecurity. Ethnicity and gender were influential factors in Rwanda, and post-conflict resettlement policies in Laos. We discuss implications for development practice and selection of suitable indicators to reflect the ambition of the SDGs.

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)926-946
Number of pages21
JournalThird World Quarterly
Volume40
Issue number5
Early online date1 Mar 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 4 May 2019
Peer-reviewedYes

Keywords

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  • Agricultural policy, Food security, Land tenure, Poverty, Social inequality, Gender

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