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BoBBLE (Bay of Bengal Boundary Layer Experiment): Ocean-atmosphere interaction and its impact on the South Asian monsoon

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    Accepted author manuscript, 5 MB, PDF-document

    Embargo ends: 31/12/99

  • BAMS-D-16-0230.1

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Authors

  • PN Vinayachandran
  • K Vijay Kumar
  • Alejandra Sanchez-Franks
  • V Thushara
  • Jenson George
  • V Vijith
  • Rajdeep Roy
  • Amit Sarkar
  • Dariusz B. Baranowski
  • GS Bhat
  • Nicholas P. Klingaman
  • Simon C. Peatman
  • C Parida
  • Brian King
  • Elizabeth C. Kent
  • Anoop A. Nayak
  • CP Neema
  • P Amol
  • A Lotliker
  • A Kankonkar
  • DG Gracias
  • S Vernekar
  • ACD Souza
  • G Valluvan
  • Shrikant M. Pargaonkar
  • K Dinesh

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Abstract

The Bay of Bengal (BoB) plays a fundamental role in controlling the weather systems that make up the South Asian summer monsoon system. In particular, the southern BoB has cooler sea surface temperature (SST) that influence ocean-atmosphere interaction and impact on the monsoon. Compared to the southeast, the southwestern BoB is cooler, more saline, receives much less rain, and is influenced by the Summer Monsoon Current (SMC). To examine the impact of these features on the monsoon, the BoB Boundary Layer Experiment (BoBBLE) was jointly undertaken by India and the UK during June July 2016. Physical and bio-geochemical observations were made using a CTD, five ocean gliders, a uCTD, a VMP, two ADCPs, Argo floats, drifting buoys, meteorological sensors and upper air radiosonde balloons. The observations were made along a zonal section at 8N between 85.3E and 89E with a 10-day time series at 89E, 8N. This paper presents the new observed features of the southern BoB from the BoBBLE field program, supported by satellite data. Key results from the BoBBLE field campaign show the Sri Lanka Dome and the SMC in different stages of their seasonal evolution and two freshening events during which salinity decreased in the upper layer leading to the formation of thick barrier layers. BoBBLE observations were taken during a suppressed phase of the intraseasonal oscillation; they captured in detail the warming of the ocean mixed layer and preconditioning of the atmosphere to convection.

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1569–1587
JournalBulletin of the American Meteorological Society
Volume99
Issue number8
Early online date8 Feb 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2018
Peer-reviewedYes

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