Biased feedback in spatial recall yields a violation of delta rule learning

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This study investigates whether inductive processes influencing spatial memory performance generalize to supervised learning scenarios with differential feedback. After providing a location memory response in a spatial recall task, participants received visual feedback showing the target location. In critical blocks, feedback was systematically biased either 4 degrees toward the vertical axis (toward condition) or 4 degrees farther away from the vertical axis (away condition). Results showed that the weaker teaching signal (i.e., a smaller difference between the remembered location and the feedback location) produced a stronger experience-dependent change over blocks in the away condition than in the toward condition. This violates delta rule learning. Subsequent simulations of the dynamic field theory of spatial cognition provide a theoretically unified account of these results.


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)581-588
Number of pages8
JournalPsychonomic Bulletin and Review
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2010


    Research areas

  • Association Learning, Attention, Color Perception, Discrimination Learning, Feedback (Psychological), Female, Generalization (Psychology), Humans, Inhibition (Psychology), Male, Mental Recall, Orientation, Pattern Recognition (Visual), Psychological Theory, Psychomotor Performance, Psychophysics, Retention (Psychology), Space Perception

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