Better Workers, Better Elections? Electoral Management Body Workforces and Electoral Integrity Worldwide

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Open Access permissions





Organisational units


Building better elections is a central task for the study of democracy and democratisation. Despite this, there have been no cross-national studies on the staff who manage and implement elections: electoral management body (EMB) workforces. This article provides the first macroscopic worldwide picture of workforce characteristics, human resource management practices and employee outcomes, and analyses the effects they have on electoral integrity, based on original international surveys of electoral management bodies (EMBs) (n = 51) and electoral officials (n = 2029). Drawing from the human resource management literature, a framework is developed to explain how these factors might interact with EMB performance. Analysis demonstrates them to be highly related. Adding data on human resource management practices and employee outcomes improves explanatory models designed to predict the performance of EMBs. Chiefly, EMBs that enable greater opportunities for employees to be involved in decision-making processes perform better. Recruitment practices, job satisfaction and levels of stress are also important.


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)370-390
Number of pages21
JournalInternational Political Science Review
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2019


    Research areas

  • Democratisation, electoral integrity, electoral management, employee outcomes, human resource management practices

View graph of relations

ID: 143727895

Related by author
  1. New development: Running elections during a pandemic

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  2. Building Inclusive Elections

    Research output: Book/ReportBook

  3. Is it time for automatic voter registration in the UK?

    Research output: Book/ReportCommissioned report

  4. Delivering electoral integrity under pressure

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Related by journal