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Accent modulates access to word meaning: Evidence for a speaker-model account of spoken word recognition

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Authors

  • Zhenguang Cai
  • Rebecca A. Gilbert
  • Matthew H. Davis
  • M. Gareth Gaskell
  • Lauren Farrar
  • Sarah Adler
  • Jennifer M. Rodd

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Abstract

Speech carries accent information relevant to determining the speaker’s linguistic and social background. A series of web-based experiments demonstrate that accent cues can modulate access to word meaning. In Experiments 1-3, British participants were more likely to retrieve the American dominant meaning (e.g., hat meaning of “bonnet”) in a word association task if they heard the words in an American than a British accent. In addition, results from a speeded semantic decision task (Experiment 4) and sentence comprehension task (Experiment 5) confirm that accent modulates on-line meaning retrieval such that comprehension of ambiguous words is easier when the relevant word meaning is dominant in the speaker’s dialect. Critically, neutral-accent speech items, created by morphing British- and American-accented recordings, were interpreted in a similar way to accented words when embedded in a context of accented words (Experiment 2). This finding indicates that listeners do not use accent to guide meaning retrieval on a word-by-word basis; instead they use accent information to determine the dialectic identity of a speaker and then use their experience of that dialect to guide meaning access for all words spoken by that person. These results motivate a speaker-model account of spoken word recognition in which comprehenders determine key characteristics of their interlocutor and use this knowledge to guide word meaning access.

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)73-101
Number of pages29
JournalCognitive Psychology
Volume98
Early online date4 Sep 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2017
Peer-reviewedYes

Keywords

    Research areas

  • Spoken word recognition, semantic ambiguity, accent, dialect

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