Key Research Interests and Expertise

I have developed a portfolio of paradigm shifting research that has used fundamental principles of soil science and environmental chemistry to develop new approaches to soil/pollutant management. I have pioneered new research that has been pivotal to informing our current understanding of: the bioavailability of chemicals in soil; the applicability of cyclodextrin based approaches as bioavailability mimetics; the dynamics of microbial adaptation to chemical exposure; the influence of biochar on soil physical, chemical and biological attributes of soil and the mechanisms through which biochar influences efflux of soil colloids, organic matter and chemical from soil to water. This research has provided a foundation to: an ISO standard; the development of national and international guidance on the safe use of biochar as a soil amendment; demonstration of biochar to mitigate pollutant exposure to “at risk” populations living in China’s “Cancer Villages”; the development of new products and environmental assessment approaches to mitigate pesticide transfer from soil to water resources.

Significant Publications

  • Optimizing Peri-URban Ecosystems (PURE) to re-couple urban-rural symbiosis. YG Zhu, BJ Reid, AA Meharg, SA Banwart, BJ Fu (2017). Science of the Total Environment
  • Application of biochar to soil reduces cancer risk via rice consumption: a case study in Miaoqian village, Longyan, China. S Khan, BJ Reid, G Li, YG Zhu (2014). Environment International 68, 154-161.
  • Islas-Espinoza, M., Reid, B.J., Wexler M., Bond, P.L. (2012) Soil Bacterial Consortia and Previous Exposure Enhance the Biodegradation of Sulfonamides from Pig Manure. Microbial Ecology. Online: DOI 10.1007/s00248-012-0010-5.
  • Zhang, Y.Z., Deng, S.X., Liu, Y.A., Shen, G.F., Li, X.Q., Cao, J., Wang, X.L., Reid, B., Tao, S. (2011) A passive air sampler for characterizing the vertical concentration profile of gaseous phase polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in near soil surface air. Environmental Pollution, 159, 694-699.
  • Latawiec, A.E., Reid, B.J. (2010) PAH contaminated soil: a way forward. Critical Reviews in Environmental Science and Technology 41, 52–77.
  • Hickman, Z.A., Reid, B.J. (2008) The co-application of earthworms (Dendrobaena veneta) and compost to increase hydrocarbon losses from diesel contaminated soils. Environment International34, 1016-1022.DOI: 10.1016/j.envint.2008.03.004
  • Allan, I.J., Semple, K.T., Hare, R., Reid, B.J. (2007) Cyclodextrin enhanced biodegradation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and phenols in contaminated soil slurries. Environmental Science and Technology,41, 5498-5504. DOI: 10.1021/es0704939
  • Allan, I.J., Semple, K.T., Arya, R., Reid, B.J. (2006) Prediction of mono- and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon degradation in spiked soils using cyclodextrin extraction. Environmental Pollution, 144, 562-571. DOI: 10.1016/j.envpol.2006.01.026
  • Reid, B.J., Stokes, J.D., Jones, K.C., Semple, K.T. (2000) A novel chemical extraction technique for the evaluation of soil-associated non-polar organic pollutant bioavailability. Environmental Science and Technology34, 3174-3179.

Publications: EPrints Digital Repository

Research Group Membership


Lewis Peake (PhD) - Biochar amendment to improve soil properties and sequester carbon – fundamental research and GIS predictive land suitability modelling

Alessia Freddo (PhD) - Biochar: for better or for worse.

Karen Hampson - Application of stable isotopes to assess in situ natural attenuation processes in a contaminated aquifer. 

Godwin Unazi (MSc by Research)
Impact of vegetable oil upon soil respiration and the application of chemical oxidation for the amelioration of soil contaminated with vegetable oil. 

Dr Son Trinh
Application of river bank filtration to remove pesticide residues.

Dr Agnieszka Latawiec
On the way forward into bioaccessibility implementation

Dr Marina Isla Espinoza 
Effects of veterinary antibiotics in soil microbial communities

Dr Patricia Asanga 
Rapid bioassays for effect-directed analysis of pesticides in water and sediments.

Dr Zachary Hickman
The prediction of bioremediation potential and the application of novel bioremediation approaches.

Dr Beke Sese
Assessment of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon toxicity using the free living nematode Caenorhabditis elegans

Dr Paulette Posen 
Groundwater vulnerability mapping: application to pesticide contamination in England. 

Dr Annika Swindell 
Appraisal of extraction techniques for the prediction of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon bioavailability.

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