Key Research Interests

  • Nutrition and musculoskeletal health (osteoporosis, fractures, sarcopenia & age-related loss of skeletal muscle mass and function)
  • Diet and aging
  • Dietary methodology
  • Dietary fat and protein composition, micronutrients, dietary patterns and acid-base load
  • Malnutrition
  • Public health nutrition

Selected Publications 

Recently accepted publications:

Hayhoe RPB, Lentjes MAH, Mulligan AA, Luben RN, Khaw KT, Welch AA.

Carotenoid dietary intakes and plasma concentrations are associated with heel bone ultrasound attenuation and osteoporotic fracture risk in the EPIC-Norfolk cohort. B J Nut (Accepted 27/4/17)

Craig J, Bunn D, Hayhoe R, Appleyard W, Lenaghan E, Welch A.

The relationship between the Mediterranean dietary pattern and musculoskeletal health in children, adolescents and adults: a systematic review and evidence map. Nutrition Research Reviews (Accepted 21/4/17)


Kelaiditi E, Jennings A, Steves CJ, Skinner J, Cassidy A, MacGregor AJ, Welch AA

Measurements of skeletal muscle mass and power are positively related to a Mediterranean dietary pattern in women. Osteoporos Int. 2016 Nov;27(11):3251-3260

Welch AA, Kelaiditi E, Jennings A, Steves CJ, Spector TD, MacGregor A.

Dietary Magnesium Is Positively Associated With Skeletal Muscle Power and Indices of Muscle Mass and May Attenuate the Association Between Circulating C-Reactive Protein and Muscle Mass in Women. J Bone Miner Res. 2016 Feb;31(2):317-25.

 Levy LB, Welch AA.

Implications of skeletal muscle loss for public health nutrition messages: a brief report. Proc Nutr Soc. 2015 Jun 11:1-4. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 26062652. IF 4.937

Hayhoe RP, Lentjes MA, Luben RN, Khaw KT, Welch AA.

Dietary magnesium and potassium intakes and circulating magnesium are associated with heel bone ultrasound attenuation and osteoporotic fracture risk in the EPIC-Norfolk cohort study. Am J Clin Nutr. 2015 Aug;102(2):376-84. doi: 10.3945/ajcn.114.102723. Epub 2015 Jul 1.  IF 6.918

Jennings A, MacGregor A, Welch A, Chowienczyk P, Spector T, Cassidy A.

Amino Acid Intake Is Inversely Associated with Arterial Stiffness and Central Blood Pressure in Women. J Nutr. 2015 Jul 22. pii: jn214700. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 26203100. IF 3.97

Finck H, Hart AR, Jennings A, Welch AA.

Is there a role for vitamin C in preventing osteoporosis and fractures? A review of the potential underlying mechanisms and current epidemiological evidence. Nutr Res Rev. 2014 Dec;27(2):268-83. IF 3.5

Weaver CM, Teegarden D, Welch A, Hwalla N, Lelièvre S.

International breast cancer and nutrition: a model for research, training and policy in diet, epigenetics, and chronic disease prevention. Adv Nutr. 2014 Sep;5(5):566-7. IF 4.7

Lentjes MA, Welch AA, Mulligan AA, Luben RN, Wareham NJ, Khaw KT.

Cod liver oil supplement consumption and health: cross-sectional results from the EPIC-Norfolk cohort study. Nutrients. 2014 Oct 16;6(10):4320-37. doi: 10.3390/nu6104320. IF 3.418

Lentjes MA, Welch AA, Keogh RH, Luben RN, Khaw KT.

Opposites don't attract: high spouse concordance for dietary supplement use in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer in Norfolk (EPIC-Norfolk) cohort study. Public Health Nutr. 2015 Apr;18(6):1060-6. doi: 10.1017/S1368980014001396. Epub 2014 Jul 30. IF 2.679

Lentjes MA, Mulligan AA, Welch AA, Bhaniani A, Luben RN, Khaw KT.

Contribution of cod liver oil-related nutrients (vitamins A, D, E and eicosapentaenoic acid and docosahexaenoic acid) to daily nutrient intake and their associations with plasma concentrations in the EPIC-Norfolk cohort. J Hum Nutr Diet. 2014 Sep 16. IF 1.987

Welch AA, Hardcastle AC.

The effects of flavonoids on bone. Curr Osteoporos Rep. 2014 Jun;12(2):205-10. doi: 10.1007/s11914-014-0212-5. IF 2.728

Welch AA, MacGregor AJ, Minihane AM, Skinner J, Valdes AA, Spector TD, Cassidy A.

Dietary fat and fatty acid profile are associated with indices of skeletal muscle mass in women aged 18-79 years. J Nutr. 2014 Mar;144(3):327-34. doi: 10.3945/jn.113.185256. IF 3.97

Welch AA.

Nutritional influences on age-related skeletal muscle loss. Proc Nutr Soc. 2014 Feb;73(1):16-33. IF 3.62

Jennings A, Cassidy A, Winters T, Barnes S, Lipp A, Holland R, Welch A.

Positive effect of a targeted intervention to improve access and availability of fruit and vegetables in an area of deprivation. Health Place. 2012 Sep;18(5):1074-8. Epub 2012 Jun 1.

Welch A, Macgregor A, Jennings A, Fairweather-Tait S, Spector T, Cassidy A.

Habitual flavonoid intakes are positively associated with bone mineral density in women. J Bone Miner Res. 2012 Sep;27(9):1872-8.

Myint PK, Welch AA.

Healthier ageing. BMJ. 2012 Mar 12;344:e1214. doi:10.1136/bmj.e1214. PubMed PMID: 22411918.

Welch AA, Shakya-Shrestha S, Lentjes MA, Wareham NJ, Khaw KT.

Dietary intake and status of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids in a population of fish-eating and  non-fish-eating meat-eaters, vegetarians, and vegans and the precursor-product ratio of ?-linolenic acid to long-chain n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids: results  from the EPIC-Norfolk cohort. Am J Clin Nutr. 2010 Nov;92(5):1040-51. Epub 2010 Sep 22. PubMed PMID: 20861171.

Welch AA, Fransen H, Jenab M, Boutron-Ruault MC, Tumino R, Agnoli C, Ericson U, Johansson I, Ferrari P, Engeset D, Lund E, Lentjes M, Key T, Touvier M, Niravong M, Larrañaga N, Rodríguez L, Ocké MC, Peeters PH, Tjønneland A, Bjerregaard L, Vasilopoulou E, Dilis V, Linseisen J, Nöthlings U, Riboli E, Slimani N, Bingham S.

Variation in intakes of calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, iron and potassium in 10 countries in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition study. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2009 Nov;63 Suppl 4:S101-21. PubMed  PMID: 19888269.

Welch AA, Mulligan A, Bingham SA, Khaw KT. 

Urine pH is an indicator of dietary acid-base load, fruit and vegetables and meat intakes: results from the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC)-Norfolk population study. Br J Nutr. 2008 Jun;99(6):1335-43.

Welch AA, Bingham SA, Reeve J, Khaw KT. 

More acidic dietary acid-base load is associated with reduced calcaneal broadband ultrasound attenuation in women but not in men: results from the EPIC-Norfolk cohort study. Am J Clin Nutr. 2007 Apr;85(4):1134-41.

Research Group Membership

  • Scientific lead for the ‘Public Health Nutrition theme’ for the Nutrition Society (2011 to present)
  • Member of the Council of the UK Nutrition Society and member of the Science Committee (elected 2009)
  • Chair of the Nutrition and Lifestyle Forum of the National Osteoporosis Society (2013 to present, member from 2009)
  • Member of the Scientific Advisory Committee of the National Osteoporosis Society (2013 to present)
  • Member of the MRC National Study of Health and Development Diet Project Management Group (2010 to present)
  • Reviewer of applications to join the Association of Nutrition (2010 - 2016)
  • Member of the national ICGN Undergraduate Nutrition Education Implementation Group for development of nutrition education in the medical undergraduate curriculum (since 2010)
  • Judge for the best food, nutrition and health student, SET awards (2010 - 2012)
  • Member of editorial board ‘Complete Nutrition’ (since 2009)
  • Member of editorial board ‘Nutrition Today’ (elected 2008)
  • Chair of British Dietetic Association Research Committee and member of Council of the BDA July 2007-October 2008. Member of the BDA Research Committee to 2010.
  • Co-lead  for the Norfolk and Suffolk Metabolic and Endocrine Specialty Group of the UK Comprehensive Local Research Network. Member of the UK National Metabolic and Endocrine Specialty Group (2007-2013)
  • Co-lead  for the Eastern Region Metabolic and Endocrine Specialty Group of the UK Comprehensive Research Network and member of the UK National Group (2013-2015)
  • Member EURRECA network ‘Development of Evidence Based Recommendations for European Micronutrient Dietary Guidelines
  • Adviser for nutrition methods to the HAPPIE Study of diet, environment and lifestyle in Eastern Europe, University College, London (2007-2010)
  • Member of the Expert User Group for the UK Food Standard Agency’s Composition of foods and nutrient analysis programme project (since 2009)
  • Expert advisor to the Food Standards Agency for the UK Diet and Nutrition Surveys (since 2009)
  • Member of EPIC-Norfolk Study Management Committee with responsibility for strategic and scientific direction (1993-2007)


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